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Different Types of Malware

In our mission to raise awareness about the dangers of cybercrime. We thought we would have a brief walkthrough of the different types of Malware there are.


Aside from corrupting your hardware and putting your information at risk. It’s worth knowing what different types of Malware exist, and what they can potentially do to your system.


What is Malware?


Malware is software with the sole aim of disrupting and damaging a computer system. Obtaining unauthorized access to a user’s account and then creating conflict to the device or machine.


Malware can express a variety of traits; using up processing power, restricting internet connection and controlling installed programs.


The different types of Malware…


A type of error, flaw or mistake that produces an unwanted or unexpected result. Typically, bugs exist in a websites source code and can cause a wide range of damage.

Without a user realising, a piece of code is loaded onto the user’s website, device or machine. The virus then easily multiplies and transfers via a file attachment.

Just like the famous Trojan horse narrative, Trojan viruses take the same inspiration. Disguising themselves as a normal or familiar file, they trick the user into downloading it.

Adware automatically shows multiple unwanted advertisements. When the advertisement is shown, it encourages the user to click it and be redirected to a malicious site or download a dangerous file.

A software program created to perform or execute a specific task. Bots are typically used for DDoS attacks. Where they try and bring down a website by overloading the server.

Ransomware denies access to your files and demands payment to regain control. A regular scenario ends with the payment being delivered in Bitcoin as the transaction is instant.

A worm is a type of malware that exposes a security flaw or failure. It then copies this and then spreads itself to another computer. It then consumes bandwidth to overload a server.

Spyware is a type of malware that functions by spying on a user’s activity. This type of spying includes monitoring a user’s activity. Meaning it could even monitor your keystrokes.


Next steps?

If you have any other questions about viruses and how they can affect your business, then please get in contact with us on 02920 887 362 or send us an email at

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